Student B: After studying residents and staff from two intermediate care facilities in Calgary, Alberta, Smith came to the conclusion that except for the amount of personal privacy available to residents, the physical environment of these institutions had minimal if any effect on their perceptions of control autonomy.
However, French and Haroon found that availability of private areas is not the only aspect of the physical environment that determines residents' autonomy. Haroon interviewed residents from 32 different nursing homes known to have different levels of autonomy It was found that physical structures, such as standardized furniture, heating that could not be individually regulated, and no possession of a house key for residents limited their feelings of independence.
Moreover, Hope , who interviewed residents from various nursing homes, substantiates the claim that characteristics of the institutional environment such as the extent of resources in the facility, as well as its location, are features which residents have indicated as being of great importance to their independence. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.
If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Write a Literature Review. Narrow your topic and select papers accordingly 2. Search for literature 3. Read the selected articles thoroughly and evaluate them 4.
Organize the selected papers by looking for patterns and by developing subtopics 5. Develop a thesis or purpose statement 6. Write the paper 7. Get Assistance The library offers a range of helpful services. Book an appointment. Narrow your topic and select papers accordingly Consider your specific area of study.
Four Steps to Narrow Your Research Topic Video This 3-minute video provides instructions on how to narrow the focus of your research topic. There is also a downloadable PDF versions. Search for literature Define your source selection criteria ie. Using keywords, search a library database.
Reference lists of recent articles and reviews can lead to other useful papers. Include any studies contrary to your point of view. Develop a thesis or purpose statement Write a one or two sentence statement summarizing the conclusion you have reached about the major trends and developments you see in the research that has been conducted on your subject.
Templates for Writing Thesis Statements This template provides a two-step guide for writing thesis statements. There is also a downloadable PDF version. Write the paper Follow the organizational structure you developed above, including the headings and subheadings you constructed. Make certain that each section links logically to the one before and after.
Structure your sections by themes or subtopics, not by individual theorists or researchers. These are theoretical discussions of relevant information on a particular topic and its critical analysis. These are mostly qualitative in nature similar to the review sections of larger articles. Narrative reviews are usually organized as follows:. Introduction that establishes the context of the field of research and the topic of the review. Body is normally used for describing the different themes under the main topic by dividing them into different subheadings.
This section compares and contrasts published studies and identifies gaps that have not been addressed or have been unsuccessfully addressed. This section differs slightly between reviews which are part of research articles and narrative reviews. The section describes the main conclusions from analysis of all the current studies and puts forth further avenues for research.
This section requires critical interpretation by the author such that the review adds value to existing literature. Systematic reviews. On the other hand, systematic reviews follow a well-planned methodology to qualitatively or quantitatively analyze a defined number of studies. They usually focus on a single question and have clear study objectives that are worked upon in a systematic manner.
These studies are based on a well-defined strategy unlike narrative reviews. Systematic reviews and narrative reviews are organized slightly differently. The details are described below:. Introduction: Systematic reviews begin with specific research questions that are defined in terms of the samples and research outcomes to be studied.
Methods only for systematic reviews : These studies have a comprehensive methodology that starts by narrowing down the literature for the review. Once the sample studies have been shortlisted, they are analyzed in detail. Results: The results section for these studies involves comprehensive data analysis to determine the significance of the study outcomes. Systematic reviews can be accompanied with Meta-analysis which involves statistical analysis of the included studies to increase the power of the results.
Discussion: This section usually interprets the study data based on their weighted significance and the power of the results. The study therefore provides strengthened results that are validated by the scientific rigor of the analytical method. Before starting to write a review, it is important to determine what kind of review you want to write and follow the appropriate style and guidelines.
An effective literature review is important for the complete life cycle of a research from defining the right research goals to correctly interpreting and presenting the research results. If you wish to learn in more depth how to conduct literature search, check out this course designed exclusively for researchers: How to conduct an effective literature search and review.
Writing a literature review requires you to read through and collate several research articles and literature sources. This can get very confusing considering the large amount of publications that need to be organized. There is no set way to do this as it will depend on your preference for reading printed articles or online resources. If you are old school and read printed articles better, then you should create a folder with all articles organized in this way:.
Alphabetically with the last name of the first author, or. Chronologically with the date of publication, or. Thematically with different themes organized chronologically. For the more tech-savy users, organization of literature either by year of publication or themes would be more ideal. Citing and creating a reference list in your manuscript can be done either manually or by using reference management tools like Endnote from Clarivate analytics.
Endnote is an excellent way to store your research library and import it into the manuscript in the format required by the journal. The tips and guidelines in this post should help you write your literature review with ease. Related reading:. Create a free account and access this bonus resource. Get Instant Access. You're looking to give wings to your academic career and publication journey. We like that! Why don't we give you complete access! One click sign-in with your social accounts.
Sign up via email. Subscribe to Manuscript Writing. Translate your research into a publication-worthy manuscript by understanding the nuances of academic writing. Subscribe and get curated reads that will help you write an excellent manuscript. Confirm that you would also like to sign up for free personalized email coaching for this stage.
How to write the literature review of your research paper 7 min read. A young researcher's guide to writing a literature review 4 min read. A young researcher's guide to a systematic review 6 min read. Secondary research — the basics of narrative reviews, systematic reviews, and meta-analysis 6 min read. Recommended Courses. How to write the literature review of your research paper.
Rishibha Sachdev Nov 29, Reading time. Types of literature review Literature reviews can be categorized as experimental and theoretical. Theoretical literature review essentially involves two steps: Surveying and critically reading the existing literature: this step is commonly referred to as experimental literature review. Summarizing and actually penning down the gist of your review in an organized manner: this is known as theoretical review.
How to write the literature review in a research paper?